Silicon is the most common element of the earth’s surface after Oxygen. It occupies up to 30% of the entire lithosphere. The serial number in the periodic system of chemical elements 14. Silicon is located under Carbon in the same group and subgroup.
In Maincraft Silicon contained in Netherrack, DYE (lapis), ender_pearl. For some mods, you can use itemSilicon.
In which row and group is Silicon located?
In nature, silicon occurs in the form of silica-based compounds silicon_dioxide SiO2. The main minerals and rocks formed by silicon dioxide are sand (river and quartz), quartz and quartzites, flint, feldspars.
In Maincraft silicon_dioxide can be obtained from sand, quartz, end_stone, blockGlass, cobblestone, stoneGranite, stoneDiorite, Magma, stoneAndesite, stone.
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- SILICON DIOXIDE
- ZINC OXIDE
Chemistry Zumdahl, 7 ed. Houghton Mifflin Company Boston New York
Silicon (pages 445-446, 890-892, 46-47, 876-878, 455 of a chemical textbook) is one of the most popular elements in Microelectronics. On the silicon substrates, due to the impurity atoms, structures are created for storage and information and transformation.
The most important substances for future microelectronics can be obtained from Netherrack. This land can be obtained in the Neither World.
Semiconductors, metals and dielectrics are used as basic materials for the design in Microelectronics (pages 450-453, 455 of a chemical textbook). Semiconductors are substances similar to silicon in the crystal structure of which there are atoms of other substances located regularly over the local area of the lattice. Additional substances are called impurities. The structures of local regions are created on the surface of the substrate by microlithography. The substrate is usually silicon or silicon with impurities.
What is the purpose of the template during the production of microelectronic chips?
From a physical point of view, Silicon allows the creation of sensors that respond to the IR range of electromagnetic waves. But for radiation and creating light-emitting diodes well suited Zinc_oxide.
Recently, interest in zinc oxide (ZnO) has increased significantly due to the fact that this material is considered as one of the promising for the creation of light-emitting structures and lasers of the blue and ultraviolet spectral region. In addition, zinc oxide is a traditional low-voltage cathodoluminophore with a green glow, used in a variety of optoelectronic display devices.
Among the semiconductors include Phosphorus P and Sulfur S (pages 454 of a chemical textbook). In Minecraft we received a small amount of Sulfur together with Proteins. Phosphorus can be obtained from GLOWSTONE_DUST.
How many atoms are in the Sulfur Molecule?
How many atoms are in the molecule of Phosphorus? What geometric figure are the centers of atoms?
Gold also finds wide application in microelectronics as a metal. Gold is used for contacts and metallization layers for particularly critical microcircuits that must work in space and artificial systems such as weapons to protect the territory.
Metallization in planar technology of microelectronics is understood as the creation of thin metal strips of micron sizes in thickness and width, performing the role of in-circuit connections and ohmic contacts with IC elements. This process is realized by sputtering a semiconductor wafer on the surface with a finished integrated circuit of a continuous metallic film, in which current-conducting channels are formed by lithography and dimensional etching.
The usual physical structure of the semiconductor consists of a substrate on which SiO2 oxide is deposited, using small refractory metals on SiO2 oxide, small contact areas of pure Si with low resistance are reduced. On top of contacts, a current-carrying gold layer is sprayed. Gold molecules do not penetrate into silicon due to diffusion and do not destroy contact areas. Diffusion reactions due to temperature and time are the main cause of failure of microelectronic devices. Microchips with a gold layer of metallization are more durable.
Silicon-based computing devices
An example of computing devices in Maincraft – Command blocks. On the basis of command blocks, one can create holographic images of new objects and give them new physical properties.
Discussion of additional details of the production of microelectronic components requires knowledge of Salts and Acids.
Artificially grown crystals of pure silicon are used as semiconductors in “solar batteries”, which convert the energy of solar radiation into electrical energy. Such batteries are widely used in modern satellites and private farms. Also, large fields and reservoirs with solar panels have been created to generate energy. Sometimes they are installed on the roofs of houses. Almost every modern yacht has a solar panel and a battery for running autopilot and light at night. Such solar panels can be manufactured in Maincraft.
How to get semiconductor wealth
The cost of modern microelectronic devices, such as new mobile phones is close to the price of jewelry. In fact, for the first time, impurity technologies for crystals have been used in the manufacture of jewelry and ornaments.
All these elements of Zinc_oxide, Gold, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Silcon can be obtained from Netherrack.
Let’s put 64 Netherrack blocks in the Chemical Dissolver and get the whole set of elements for Microelectronics. Of the new elements, we got Silicon and Phosphorus.
Let’s arrange them in our repository in the order adopted in the Periodic System of Chemical Elements. Silicon under Carbon, Phosphorus under Nitrogen, Sulfur under Oxygen.
The bodies of living beings play an important role in the compounds of Carbon. In Artificial Systems, silicon is also used in structures together with a small (but important) amount of impurities. For example, silicon compounds with oxygen and other chemical elements form the basic geological materials (pages 446 of a chemical textbook).
What is the difference between the bonds in the crystal lattices of Carbon and Silicon?
Prospects of Microelectronics
Such compounds as ZnS (Zinc Sulfate) are promising microelectronic materials. Perhaps, based on such materials, new technologies will be created for the production of very small computer systems and integrated directly into ordinary things with unusual properties.
3rd row, 4th group
To create a structure in Silicon Dioxide.
In the Sulfur molecule there are eight atoms.
In the molecule of Phosphorus there are four atoms that form a tetraider.
The long strings of carbon-carbon bonds, these the most stable silicon compounds involve chains with silicon-oxygen pi-bonds.